Essure is a brand name for a permanent birth control method that causes sterilization in the female. It is a non-surgical method (unlike a tubal ligation or vasectomy) and can be performed in a physician’s office. It has been available for about 10 years. It has been 99 percent effective in preventing pregnancy, according to research performed by the manufacturer.
The procedure is similar in some ways to a tubal ligation, in which the fallopian tubes from the ovaries are cut and tied shut with suture material. With Essure, a small plastic and metal implant is placed in each fallopian tube. Over time, tissue grows over the implant, permanently blocking the fallopian tube. The Essure procedure does not require an incision, and the implant is placed through the cervix and uterus using special equipment.
The procedure itself takes about 10 minutes. Most women go home within 45 minutes and resume their normal activities within a day or so. You will lie on your back on the exam table with your legs up in the stirrups, just as you would for a pelvic examination. The doctor will insert the implant through the cervix and uterus into the fallopian tubes. A local anesthetic is used to reduce any pain from the procedure. Some women experience pain when the implant is placed. After the procedure, some women reported nausea, vomiting, fainting, vaginal bleeding, mild to moderate pain or cramping. Although it is rare, it is possible for the implant to be expelled from the body. It is best to let your doctor know whether you have any allergies before the procedure. For instance, if you are allergic to nickel, you may have a reaction to the implant. Discuss with your doctor any questions or concerns you may have about the Essure procedure.